Source:Aceall WoodAuthor:admin Addtime:2018/12/26 Click:
First, the history of veneer development
The veneer and its veneer decoration industry started in the 1950s, and after half a century of development, it has reached a considerable scale. Especially in the past ten years, with the rapid development of the domestic wood processing industry in the past decade and the rapid development of the real estate industry in recent years, veneer has developed rapidly as an excellent surface decoration material.
Second, the use of veneer
The veneer can be used for the surface decoration of classical furniture, modern panel furniture, solid wood composite doors; it can also be used in high-end star hotels, hotels, restaurants, cafes and other interior decoration. The industries used for veneer are:
1. Furniture: In the interior space, furniture decoration is indispensable to meet people's life needs. Despite the different styles of furniture design, the choice of materials affects the color scheme, atmosphere and style of the entire design. Most of the furniture is made of solid wood as a frame, and then the veneer or plywood surface is affixed with various materials veneer, and the edges are affixed with edge banding to achieve the desired effect and use. Veneer veneered furniture is characterized by its natural, intimate and warmth. Leather-finished panel furniture has become the mainstream of the furniture market, and has occupied a larger market space with rapid development; sustainable and more environmentally friendly veneer products have also attracted more and more furniture manufacturers and decoration companies. use.
2. Wooden door: the door core is made of solid wood, laminated timber or MDF, etc., the outer surface of the surface is affixed with 0.12-0.6mm veneer, and the whole door is made by high temperature pressing. The veneer used for veneering windows and doors is currently popular among black walnuts, sapele, red cherries, teak, and white maple.
3. Veneer wooden wall finish: The characteristics of the wooden wall are natural and intimate. Use a splint to nail the siding with a high-quality veneer veneer. The veneer material is more common in teak, spruce, elm, walnut, cork, oak, ebony, and mahogany; it also combines the overall visual effect with splicing veneer and bamboo veneer.
4. Wolid wood composite floor: With the decline in the production of high-grade logs such as teak, heavy ant wood, scutellaria jade, eucalyptus, and balsam, the price of raw materials for wooden flooring has been rising all the time, composite wood flooring and bamboo flooring came into being. The types of solid wood composite flooring cover the variety of each solid wood floor. Generally, the high-quality splint is used as the base material, and the veneer, wood chip or bamboo skin veneer of wood wood commonly used for common solid wood flooring such as teak, ash, heavy ant wood and eucalyptus wood; With the increasing shortage of wooden flooring materials, the composite bamboo flooring of bamboo veneer has also entered the consumer market. With the current composite floor manufacturing process, the solid wood composite flooring produced has no difference in appearance and solid wood flooring, and its performances such as moisture resistance, anti-bending and anti-cracking are even better.
5. Other applications: low-grade veneer such as poplar, eucalyptus and other fast-growing materials are cut into thick veneer, which can be used as a substrate for the manufacture of splints. In addition, a variety of medium and high-grade veneers are often used in the field of piano finishes, interiors and crafts of airplanes and cars. Since the application of veneer is in line with the policy orientation of the country's development of circular economy, it will be more applied to different industries and different products.
Natural veneer is widely used: thin skin is used for the production of veneer, paper and non-woven leather; thick skin is used for furniture making, veneer parquet, composite floor board. The application of high-grade natural veneer in the field of home decoration industry can save energy and save costs. In the furniture making, the decorative veneer can be directly applied to the blockboard, particleboard, medium density fiberboard and hard fiberboard instead of the decorative board, and the veneer cover is not used. Choosing natural veneer is more about choosing a simple natural feel.
Third, the performance advantages of veneer
Natural veneer has the natural simplicity of wood, strong texture, and its special and irregular natural texture has a superb artistic charm that can give you the original heart and beauty of art.
Natural veneer is the raw material that is more common in the veneer market. It is mainly used in the surface veneering process of indoor wood furniture. Natural veneer is derived from natural tree species with a good sense of comfort and natural aroma. So what are the performance characteristics of natural veneer?
Natural veneer is used on the surface of all kinds of high-grade wooden decorative leather furniture, which is not only reasonably priced but also functionally good. It can be made into different styles and styles according to the needs of people's decoration.
With the gradual shortage of natural wood resources and the price of high-grade tree species, it is impossible to artificially plant some tree species in a short time. Although there are a large number of technological veneers in the market, the unique texture of natural veneer and The characteristics are unmatched by the technical veneer, so the market demand for natural veneer is enormous.
All kinds of high-grade natural wood decorative skins are resources that save resources and save labor in the fields of home and decoration. For example, the large board surface in the furniture making can directly cover the decorative veneer directly on the blockboard, particleboard, medium density fiberboard and hard fiber board to directly become the decorative board, without the use of the veneer covering. At the same time, this decorative veneer can be directly used as the edge of wallpaper or furniture. The more prominent features are: good quality, good quality, diverse styles, easy to use, elegant, and noble.
The veneering process using natural veneer is not only affordable, but all furniture surfaces have the same decorative appearance as pure solid wood furniture, and the surface impact resistance is also quite good.
Fourth, the process requirements of veneer processing
How thick is natural veneer? The use of natural veneer has now been widely used in furniture, wooden doors, flooring, decorative engineering and other fields. In addition, there are many varieties of natural veneer, and the thickness of the veneer is also different. At present, the conventional veneer thickness is 0.5 mm, and this thickness is also used more now. In addition to the conventional veneer of 0.5 mm, in order to save costs, the veneers are thinner and thinner, and the thickness of the natural veneer is from 0.1 to 0.3 mm. Especially like the scarce natural veneer varieties, such as rosewood veneer, ebony veneer, rosewood veneer, etc., are mostly thin skin use. The thinner veneer can be attached to a thickness of 0.1 mm. This is a thin veneer. It is easy to penetrate the glue due to poor construction process. It can only do some low-grade, low-demand furniture finishes, plywood, etc. The thinner the veneer is, the more likely it is that the bottom is exposed and the glue is applied when it is applied. Seriously affect the effect of the veneer. The hand-applied veneer is mainly 0.2-0.3mm thick, and the flexibility of the veneer is increased for the convenience of manual skinning. A layer of non-woven fabric or kraft paper is usually applied to the surface of natural veneer. Also known as non-woven veneer and kraft paper veneer. This veneer is not easy to crack. The mechanical veneer is mainly composed of 0.4-0.5mm thickness and is hot pressed at high temperature. It is then finished by sanding the entire panel. If a thin veneer is used, it will be easily sanded through the veneer surface, resulting in an exposed bottom. Through the above analysis, the thickness of the veneer has a great relationship with the quality of the veneer.
Generally, low-grade veneer is not suitable for thin veneers because of its low price, unless it has special requirements. For high-grade rare varieties, thin skin veneers can be used appropriately, which can reduce costs, but pay attention to the construction process of thin skin.